The Serengeti National Park is the largest in the North circuit with an area of 14,750 square kilometres (5,700 sq mi) of grassland plains, savanna, riverine forest, and woodlands. The endless plains, (as the name Serengeti suggests I n Maasai language) is very rich in mosaic ecosystem. The National park is very famous for the wildebeests and zebra migration seasonally for pastures and breeding, along with the predators like lions, leopards, cheetahs and hyenas etc following the prey. The numerous Nile crocs and honey badgers are also quite a characteristic in Serengeti National Park.
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a renowned World heritage Site, Consisting of the spectacular Ngorongoro Crater which is actually a caldera amidst the conservation area. The stunning natural beauty of the Ngorongoro crater with its complex wildlife interacting harmoniously with the Maasai nomad community and their herds of cattle, goats and sheep, is topped up with the cradle of Humankind Olduvai Gorge, an archeological site in the Ngorongoro plains. At the base of the crater is the soda lake full of beautiful falmingoes
The National park is situated in the side of the great East Africa Rift Valley branch covering an area of330 km2 (130 sq mi) of arid land, forest, and an alkaline soda-lake which covers as much as 200 km2 (77 sq mi) of land during the wet season but is nearly nonexistent during the dry season. Lake Manyara National Park is known for the flamingos that inhabit the lake. During the wet season they inhabit the edges of the lake in flocks of thousands but they are not so present during the dry season. More than 400 species of birds inhabit the park and many remain throughout the year.
Tarangire National Park covers an area of approximately 2,850 square kilometers (1,100 square miles.) The landscape is composed of granitic ridges, river valley, and swamps. Vegetation is a mix of Acacia woodland, Commiphora-Combretum woodland, seasonally flooded grassland, and very very old Baobab trees. The park is famous for its high density of elephants and baobab trees. Home to more than 550 bird species.
The Kilimanjaro National Park includes the whole of Mount Kilimanjaro above the tree line and the surrounding montane forest belt above 1,820 metres (5,970 ft). It covers an area of 1,688 square kilometres (652 sq mi), 2°50'–3°10'S latitude, 37°10'–37°40'E longitude.Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest Mountain in Africa and the World’s tallest free standing object, the only snow capped Mountain in the tropics. At 5,895 m, This volcanic massif stands in splendid isolation above the surrounding plains.
The Arusha National Park is the designated area around and including the Mount Meru, a prominent volcano with an elevation of 4566 m, in the Arusha Region of north eastern Tanzania. The park is small but varied with spectacular landscapes in three distinct areas. In the west, the Meru Crater funnels the Jekukumia River; the peak of Mount Meru lies on its rim. Ngurdoto Crater in the south-east is grassland. The shallow alkaline Momella Lakes in the north-east have varying algal colours and are known for their wading birds.
Mikumi National Park covers an area of 3,230 km² is the fourth largest in the country. The park is crossed by Tanzania's A-7 highway.The landscape of Mikumi is often compared to that of the Serengeti. The road that crosses the park divides it into two areas with partially distinct environments. The area north-west is characterized by the alluvial plain of the river basin Mkata. The vegetation of this area consists of savannah dotted with acacia, baobab, tamarinds, and some rare palm. In this area, at the furthest from the road, there are spectacular rock formations of the mountains Rubeho and Uluguru.
Selous game reserve is the largest faunal reserves in Tanzania, the second largest in Africa and among the world’s Largest game reserves, covering a total area of 50,000 km2 (19,000 sq mi) and has additional buffer zones. Interesting places in the park include the Rufiji River, which flows into the Indian Ocean opposite Mafia Island and the Stiegler Gorge, a canyon of 100 metres depth and 100 metres width. Habitats include grassland, typical Acacia savanna, wetlands and extensive Miombo woodlands. Although total wildlife populations are high, the reserve is large and densities of animals are lower than in the more regularly visited northern tourist circuit of Tanzania.
Ruaha national Park is the largest National Park in Tanzania and East Africa, covering 20,226 square kilometres (7,809 sq mi).The park is one of the Tanzania birds’ paradise with more than 571species and some of them are known to be migrants from within and outside Africa. Ruaha is believed to have high concentration of elephants than any National Park in East Africa. It is also a place where, magnificent mammals like Kudu, Sable and Roan antelopes can easily be spotted in Miombo woodland. The park is also a habitat for endangered wild dogs. Other animals in the park include lions, leopards, cheetah, giraffes, zebras, elands, impala, bat eared foxes and Jackals.
Udzungwa Mountain National Park covers an area of 1,990 km2 (770 miles2). The habitats contained within the national park include tropical rainforest, mountain forest, miombo woodland, grassland and steppe. There is a vertical height range of 250–2,576 metres (the peak of Lohomero), which incorporates the Udzungwa Mountains part of the Eastern Arc Mountains. There are more than 400 bird species, 2500 plant species (25% of which are endemics) and 6 primate species. It has the second largest biodiversity of a national park in Africa.
Kitulo National Park is a protected area of montane grassland on the Kitulo Plateau in the southern highlands of Tanzania.Kitulo is indeed a rare botanical marvel, home to a full 350 species of vascular plants, including 45 varieties of terrestrial orchids, which erupt into a riotous wildflower display of breathtaking scale and diversity during the main rainy season of late November to April.
Saadani National Park covers an area of 1062 km2 and was officially gazetted in 2005, from a game reserve which had existed from 1969. It is the only wildlife sanctuary in Tanzania bordering the sea it is where the bushland meets the beach.Saadani's wildlife population is increasing during recent years after it has been gazetted as a National Park and was a hunting block beforehand. Wildlife in Saadani includes four of the Big Five, namely East African lions, African bush elephants, buffaloes and African leopards. Masai giraffes.
Gombe is one of the smallest national parks in Tanzania, with only 13.5 square miles (35 km2) of protected land along the hills of the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika. Gombe’s high levels of diversity make it an increasingly popular tourist destination. Besides chimpanzees, primates inhabiting Gombe include beachcomber olive baboons, red colobus, red-tailed monkeys, blue monkeys, and vervet monkeys. Red-tailed monkeys and blue monkeys have also been known to hybridize in the area. The park is also home to over 200 bird species and bushpigs. There are also many species of snakes, and occasional hippopotami and leopards.
Katavi National Park occupies 4,471 square kilometers (1,726 sq mi) in area, which makes it the third largest national park in Tanzania.Wildlife features include large animal herds, particularly of Cape Buffaloes, zebras, wildebeest, giraffes, and elephants, plus along the Katuma river, crocodiles and hippopotami which upon annual dry seasons results in mudholes that can be packed with hundreds of hippos. Carnivorous animals that roam this park are cheetahs, wild dogs, hyenas, leopards, and lions. Some sources claim a very high biodiversity in the park.
Mahale National Park is 1650 km² big, in Kigoma Region, Tanzania. Named after the Mahale Mountains range that is within its borders, the park has several unusual characteristics. First, it is one of only two protected areas for chimpanzees in the country.The park, Tanzania's most remote and one of its most alluring, is first and foremost a chimpanzee sanctuary. About 1700 chimpanzees live within its 1613sqkm area, but the focal point for visitors is the 60-strong Mimikere, or 'M' group, which has been the subject of research for more than four decades.
Lake Tanganyika plays host to an array of water activities for you to enjoy during your stay. Avid fisherman will delight in tranquil days spent casting their rods in these pristine waters. Not-to-be-missed is the opportunity to explore the wonders of the lake by boat. Embark on an exclusive dhow sundowner cruise, lazily following the shoreline and stopping to fish along the way. Alternatively, grab a kayak and explore the waters at your leisure or head inland on foot and take a plunge in a crystal clear mountain pool, fed by a beautiful waterfall.
Nairobi is Kenya’s capital city. In addition to its urban core, the city has Nairobi National Park, a large game reserve known for breeding endangered black rhinos and home to giraffes, zebras and lions. Also Nairobi has the Modern Airport Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) acting as the hub for the entire East Africa.
The park is 39,206 hectares (392 km2; 151 sq mi) in size at the core of an 8,000 km2 (3,100 sq mi) ecosystem that spreads across the Kenya-Tanzania border. The park is famous for being the best place in the world to get close to free-ranging elephants. Other attractions of the park include opportunities to meet Maasai and visit a Maasai village. The park also has views of Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest free-standing mountain in the world.
The Maasai Mara National Reserve is a large game reserve in Kenya covering 1,510 km2 (583 sq mi) in south-western Kenya. All members of the "Big Five" (lion, leopard, African elephant, cape buffalo, and black rhinoceros) are found in the Maasai Mara. The reserve plays important in the famous Serengeti seasonal migration of the wildebeest along with other wildlife.
Tsavo East National Park is one of the oldest and largest parks in Kenya at 13,747 square kilometers. Tsavo is considered one of the world's biodiversity strongholds, and its popularity is mostly due to the vast amounts of diverse wildlife that can be seen, including the famous 'big five' consisting of lion, black rhino, cape buffalo, elephant and leopard. The park is also home to a great variety of bird life such as the black kite, crowned crane, lovebird and the sacred ibis.
The park is 165 km² in size, there is a wide variety of animal and bird life seen at Samburu National Reserve. Several large game species common to Kenya's northern plains can be found here in abundance.
Lake Nakuru National Park (188 km2, 73 mi2), Situated in the great East African rift valley. It is best known for its thousands, sometimes millions of flamingos nesting along the shores of the soda lake. The surface of the shallow lake is often hardly recognizable due to the continually shifting mass of pink. The number of flamingos on the lake varies with water and food conditions and the best vantage point is from Baboon Cliff.
Kampala is the capital and the largest city of Uganda. Kampala's weather features two annual wetter seasons. While the city does not have a true dry season month, it experiences heavier precipitation from August to December and from February to June. A prominent cultural centre in the Kampala area of Kisasi that aims to promote Ugandan and African cultural expressions through music, dance and drama. Kampala is Uganda's national and commercial capital bordering Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake. Hills covered with red-tile villas and trees surround an urban centre of contemporary skyscrapers.
Entebbe is a major town in Central Uganda. On a Lake Victoria peninsula, approximately 37 kilometres (23 mi) southwest of the Ugandan capital, Kampala. Entebbe is the location of Entebbe International Airport, Uganda's largest commercial and military airport, best known for the dramatic rescue of the 100 hostages. Tourist enjoy the extensive National Botanical Gardens, Entebbe is the location of the Uganda Wildlife Education Centre , The Centre also serves as the national zoo. The entrance to the Centre is located near the jetty. Foreign visitors have noted the seeming incongruity of wild monkeys sitting in the trees over the Centre's paths. And so many more.
Bwindi Forest National Park covers 331 square kilometers (128 sq mi) of both montane and lowland forest; it is accessible only on foot. Species diversity is a characteristic feature of the park. It provides habitat for 120 species of mammals, 348 species of birds, 220 species of butterflies, 27 species of frogs, chameleons, geckos, and many endangered species.
Queen Elizabeth National Park occupies an estimated 1,978 square kilometers (764 sq mi). Queen Elizabeth National Park is known for its wildlife, including African buffalo, Ugandan kob, hippopotamus, Nile crocodile, African bush elephant, African leopard, lion, and chimpanzee. It is home to 95 mammal species and over 500 bird species.
Kibale National Park is 766 square kilometers (296 sq mi) in size. Kibale National Forest has one of the highest diversity and concentration of primates in Africa. It is home to a large number of endangered chimpanzees, as well as the red colobus monkey.
Semuliki National Park is 194 km2 (75 sq mi) low land tropical rain forest, very rich in floral and faunal diversity. There are two hot springs in a hot mineral encrusted swamp in the park making it very unique; one resembles a geyser by forming a 0.5 m high fountain. Park visitors can engage in birdwatching, game drives across the savannah grassland, hiking through the 13 kilometers (8.1 mi) Kirumia Trail, and visit the hot springs where the water is hot enough to cook eggs and plantain.
Kidepo Valley National Park is a 1,442 square kilometres (557 sq mi) national park, the local community around the park are people, similar to the Maasai of Kenya and Tanzania, and the IK, a hunter-gatherer tribe whose survival is threatened. The Park is isolated but the most magnificent, for Kidepo Valley National Park ranks among Africa’s finest wildernesses.
Murchisons Falls National Park is Uganda's largest national park. It measures approximately 3,893 square kilometres (1,503 sq mi) together with the adjacent of 748 square kilometers (289 sq mi) Bugungu Wildlife Reserve and the 720 square kilometers (280 sq mi) Karuma Wildlife Reserve. The park boasts 76 species of mammals as well as Uganda's largest population of crocodiles. 450 bird species are present ranging from easy variety of waterbirds, including the rare shoe-billed stork, Budongo's 59 "restricted range" species, dwarf kingfisher, Goliath heron, white-thighed hornbill and great blue turaco.
Lake Bunyonyi is a fresh water body in Uganda, renowned for its natural beauty and so many little birds as the name suggests, in local community language. Tourists here enjoy the best scenery, cultural activities, canoing and birding
Volcanoes National Park is situated in northwestern Rwanda and borders Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda. The national park is popular as a home for the rare and endangered mountain gorilla and golden monkeys. The geographical features vary a lot and so does the vegetation, hence affecting the fauna and flora in the area but the most important activity is the gorilla trecking.
Kigali is the capital city of Rwanda, built in hilly country, roughly in the center of the country. It sprawls across numerous hills, ridges and valleys, and has a vibrant restaurant and nightlife scene. Kigali possesses a tropical savanna climate with a pronounced dry season; Kigali is cooler throughout the year than in most other cities around the Equator due to its elevation, which tempers the heat and results in warm rather than hot days and mild rather than uncomfortably warm nights.
It is approximately 970 km2 of rainforest, bamboo, grassland, swamps, and bogs. Is the best preserved montane rainforest in Central Africa, with a wide diversity of animal species, making it a priority for conservation in Africa. The forest is situated in a region in which several large-scale biogeographical zones meet and the variety of terrestrial biomes provides a great span of microhabitats for many different species of plants and animals.
Twin Lakes Burera & Ruhondo These are two beautiful lakes located at the base of Mountain Muhabura and close to the border with Uganda. Lake Burera and Lake Ruhondo are surrounded by steep hills and large waterfalls with a backdrop of the Virunga volcanic mountains. Burera and Ruhondo are separated by a 1km wide strip of land. Lake Ruhondo and Lake Burera have a combined area surface of 2800 ha.
It consist of 1,122 sq km. Akagera combines well with Nyungwe and the Volcanoes NP to offer a great safari element as it is home to many large plains game species as well as species restricted to the papyrus swamps such as the Sitatunga and the sought-after Shoebill Stork. Notable plains game include elephant, buffalo, topi, zebra, waterbuck, roan antelope and eland. Other antelope are duiker, oribi, bohor reedbuck, klipspringer, bushbuck and impala. Of the primates, olive baboons, vervets and the secretive blue monkey are seen during the day, with bushbabies often seen on night drives.
It is one of the African Great fresh water Lakes. It is estimated to cover a total surface area of some 2,700 km2 (1,040 sq mi). The fish fauna in Lake Kivu is relatively poor with 28 described species. The natural physical features is a result of the volcanic activities and it is believed that the lake has a chance to erupt after every thousand years and it lies in the great East African Rift valleys, making it one of the deepest lakes.
Johannesburg, South Africa's biggest city and capital of Gauteng province, the wealthiest province in South Africa. The metropolis is an alpha global city as listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Johannesburg is a cultural hub in South Africa and has a wide variety of cultural venues, making it a prominent area for many creative and cultural industries. Johannesburg is home to some of Africa's tallest structures, such as the Sentech Tower, Hillbrow Tower, the Carlton Centre and Ponte City Apartments. The Johannesburg city skyline has most of the tallest buildings on the continent. Specialist museums cover subjects such as Africana, costume, design, fossils, geology, military history, medical, pharmacy, photography and transportation networks such as railways.
It is definitely one of the largest game reserves in Africa. It covers an area of 19,485 square kilometers (7,523 sq mi) in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga in northeastern South Africa, and extends 360 kilometers (220 mi) from north to south and 65 kilometers (40 mi) from east to west. The Park has more has more spicies of large mammals than any ather gane reserve in Africa. All the Big Five game animals are found at Kruger National Park, the 517bird spicies.
Cape Town is a port city on South Africa’s southwest coast, on a peninsula beneath the imposing Table Mountain. It is the second-most populous urban area in South Africa after Johannesburg. Cape Town has a warm Mediterranean climate with mild, moderately wet winters and dry, warm summers. Precipitating Winter, which lasts from the beginning of June to the end of August. There is an estimated 2,200 species of plants are confined to Table Mountain – more than exist in the whole of the United Kingdom which has 1200 plant species and 67 endemic plant species.
The Winelands or more specifically, the Cape Winelands are a region in the southern most of South Africa. The winelands boasts some of the most majestic scenery in South Africa. It is situated to the north-east of Cape Town and offers a beautiful landscape of wine hills and mountains. The area is endowed with a very suitable climatic condition.
Swakopmund is a coastal city in Namibia, west of the capital, Windhoek. Its sandy beaches face the Atlantic Ocean. Swakopmund is a beach resort and an example of German colonial architecture. With some colonial landmarks such as the light house, the mole and old sea wall, The Swakopmund Museum documents Namibian history. Inland, the elegant Swakopmund Railway Station, now a hotel, also dates to the colonial era. Positioned in the west of the capital, Windhoek. Its sandy beaches face the Atlantic Ocean.
Etosha National Park is a National Park in Namibia with an area of 22,270 square kilometers (8,600 sq mi) and gets its name from the large Etosha pan which is almost entirely within the park. The park is home to hundreds of species of mammals, birds and reptiles, including several threatened and endangered species such as the black rhinoceros.
The Namib-Naukluft National Park is a national park in Namibia (regarded as the world's oldest desert) With an overall area of 49,768 km2 (19,216 sq mi), the Namib-Naukluft is the largest game park in Africa and the fourth largest in the world The most well-known area of the park is Sossusvlei, which is the main visitor attraction in Namibia.
The Fish River Canyon (is located in the south of Namibia. It is the largest canyon in Africa, and also the second most visited tourist attraction in Namibia. It features a gigantic ravine, in total about 100 miles (160 km) long, up to 27 km wide and in places almost 550 meters deep. Hiking the Canyon is the most popular activity.
Sossusvlei is a salt and clay pan surrounded by high red dunes, the area features the spectacular desert scenery of reddish pink to orange sand dunes. These dunes are among the highest in the world; many of them are above 200 meters. Fauna mostly comprises small animals that can survive with little water.
Maun is a town on the Thamalakane River in northern Botswana. It's the jumping-off point for the vast inland Okavango Delta, which becomes a lush wildlife habitat during the seasonal floods. Maun is the fifth largest town in Botswana. Maun is the tourism capital of Botswana and the administrative centre of Ngamiland district.
It is Botswana's first national park, with an area of 11,700 km2 (4,500 sq mi). The park is widely known for its spectacular elephant population, estimated to 50,000 elephants. The elephants in Chobe National Parks are largest in size of all known elephant populations, the Kalahari elephants.
Kasane is a town in the northeastern corner of Botswana, where four countries almost meet: Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe hence the notion “the four corners of Africa�?. It's the gateway to Chobe National Park, known for the herds of elephants which converge on the Chobe River in the dry season. Caracal Biodiversity Center shelters rescued wildlife. Chobe Crocodile Farm is a great tourist attraction located approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) to the east of Kasane, in the small village of Kazungula.
The Okavango Delta in Botswana is a very large, swampy inland delta Each year The. Okavango delta is both a permanent and seasonal home to a wide variety of wildlife which is now a popular tourist attraction. The majority of the estimated 200,000 large mammals in and around the delta are not year-round residents. They leave with the summer rains to find renewed fields of grass to graze and trees to browse then make their way back as winter approaches.
It is a Game Reserve in Botswana, covering around 5,000 square kilometers (1,900 sq mi), it is a surprisingly diverse Reserve, combining mopane woodland and acacia forests, floodplains and lagoons. It is home to nearly 500 species of bird (from water birds to forest dwellers), and a vast array of other species of wildlife.
Rovos Rail is a private railway company operating out of Capital Park Station in Pretoria, South Africa. Rovos Rail runs its train-hotel to a regular schedule on various routes throughout Southern Africa, from South Africa to Namibia and Tanzania.
Pretoria (Tshwane), in Gauteng Province, is the administrative capital of South Africa. Known as "Jacaranda City" for its thousands of jacaranda trees, it's also home to universities and government buildings. It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein the judicial capital). Pretoria has a reputation for being an academic city with three universities and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research.
Marrakech, as known by the French spelling, is actually spelled Marrakesh, a major city of the Kingdom of Morocco. Marrakesh, a former imperial city in western Morocco, is a major economic center and home to mosques, palaces and gardens. A hot semi-arid climate predominates at Marrakesh. The relatively wet winter and dry summer precipitation pattern of Marrakesh mirrors precipitation patterns found in Mediterranean climates. However, the city receives less rain than is typically found in a Mediterranean climate, resulting in a semi-arid climate classification.
The Sahara is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. Its area of 9,200,000 square kilometers. The Sahara covers large parts of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia. It covers 9 million square kilometres (3,500,000 sq mi), amounting to 31% of Africa. If all areas with a mean annual precipitation of less than 250 mm were included, the Sahara would be 11 million square kilometers. The central Sahara is hyperarid, with sparse vegetation. The Sahara is the world's largest low-latitude hot desert. The area is located in the horse latitudes under the subtropical ridge, a significant belt of semi-permanent subtropical warm-core high pressure where the air from upper levels of the troposphere tends to sink towards the ground. The flora of the Sahara is highly diversified based on the bio-geographical characteristics of this vast desert. The central Sahara is estimated to include five hundred species of plants. Several species of fox live in the Sahara including: the fennec fox, pale fox and Rüppell's fox. The addax, a large white antelope, can go nearly a year in the desert without drinking. The dorcas gazelle is a North African gazelle that can also go for a long time without water.
Fez is a city in northern inland Morocco and the capital of the Fas-Meknas administrative region. It is the second or third largest city of Morocco after Casablanca, with a population of 1.1 million (2014). Today, the city largely consists of two old medina quarters, Fes el Bali and Fes Jdid, and modern urban area of Ville Nouvelle constructed during the French colonial era. Located by the Atlas Mountains, Fez has a Mediterranean climate with a strong continental influence, shifting from relatively cool and wet in the winter to dry and hot days in the summer months between June and September.
Ouarzazate is a city south of Morocco’s High Atlas Mountains, known as a gateway to the Sahara Desert. It’s huge Taourirt Kasbah. Ouarzazate is hot and dry in summer, but can be very cold in winter, with icy winds coming from the High Atlas Mountains.
Transfer from airport to Stone Town, check-in at Dhow Palace Hotel or similar. In the evening have a traditional Swahili.
Dinner in Stone town (the heart of Zanzibar) and overnight at Dhow Palace or similar (BB)
Breakfast at the hotel. In the morning, guided tour through Stone Town, followed by a tour through a spice plantation. Lunch at spice farm, and then depart for Nungwi Beach in the North of Zanzibar.
Dinner and overnight at Ras Nungwi Beach Hotel in Superior (Chalet Sea view room) (HB)
Full day in Nungwi.
Dinner and overnight at Ras Nungwi Beach Hotel or similar (HB)
Full day on in Nungwi.
Dinner and overnight at Ras Nungwi Beach Hotel or similar (HB).
Transfer from Nungwi to airport on time for your flight.
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